Scientific name: Supella Longipalpa
The Brown-banded cockroach is a small species of cockroach, measuring about 10mm to 14mm long in size. It is tan to light brown and has two light-coloured bands across the wings and abdomen, they may sometimes appear to be broken or irregular but are quite noticeable. The bands may be partly obscured by the wings. All its legs are light brown to white. The male has wings that cover the abdomen, while the female has wings that do not cover the abdomen completely. The male appears more slender than the female, the female appears wider.
They need less moisture than the German cockroach so they tend to be more broadly distributed in the home, such as in living rooms, bedrooms, kitchen cabinets and dustbins. They can also be found in apartments, restaurants and even inside vehicles. They tend not to be found in the daytime since they avoid light. In structures, these insects are most frequently found congregating on ceilings, attics, around electrical appliance motors and even the dashboard of cars. They may be seen wandering in search of food during the day and night.
The Brown-banded cockroach will eat almost anything. Brown-banded cockroaches prefer to eat starchy foods, cakes, bread crumbs and sugary contents. Sometimes they’ll eat non-organic things, like nylon stockings, glue.
Brown-banded cockroaches prefer warmer, drier, and higher locations than most cockroaches. While most cockroaches prefer to live in kitchens and pantries, Brown-banded cockroaches will live in many rooms, closets, kitchen cabinets, electrical appliances in the house and even in cars. They do not need much moisture and avoid light whenever they can.
Brown-banded cockroaches have three developmental stages: egg, nymph, and adult. Their entire life cycle spans approximately 100 days, although this is dependent on factors such as temperature, diet and injuries. Female produces up to 13 egg cases (ootheca). Each ootheca contains 16 eggs during the course of their lives. The nymphs take about 55 days to develop into adults. In ideal temperature conditions (30 °C), adults can lives 90 to 115 days.
Diseases and Risks
Brown-banded cockroach infestations can pose several health risks. These roaches have been found to carry and spread harmful bacteria and protozoa which cause gastroenteritis and diarrhoea. More commonly, roaches indoors have been found to trigger asthma and allergies.
Jaya Pest Solutions encourages people to help reduce cockroach populations by removing all leftover food and unnecessary water sources, sealing all cracks and crevices, have a properly covered rubbish bin, regularly cleaning of the drainage and waste disposal areas. To effectively manage a serious cockroach infestation, you must correctly identify the type of cockroach causing the infestation and the ability to diagnose the core problem, which is why it is important to contact a pest control professional.